The Classical Period took place from 1730 to 1820. It took inspiration from German and Italian Styles. It focused on Thematic development which meant varying melodies and rhythm. This was during the Enlightenment period where there was an emphasis on individual rights and empowering the people. This was also during the time of the Industrial Revolution where the middle class was created, music was shifting from being only for the people who could afford it, like the church, to the working class. The Opera also became prominent, it was a new genre.
A Composer from this time period is Ludwig Van Beethoven, he lived from 1770 to 1827. The piece I listened to was Fur Elise, and as the book describes as the use of thematic development is, there are different melodies throughout that differentiates the sections within it and that is heavily displayed throughout the piece, with its slow melodies to where it speeds up.